Canadian Standards
approved helmet
As in other regions of Canada, cyclists must follow the same laws as drivers of motor vehicles. Canada has some wonderful destinations for bicycle lovers. Whether for one day or for a week, there are many biking routes in Canada.

  • When riding during the period from one-half hour before sunset until one-half hour after sunrise your bicycle must have a white front light and a red rear light or reflector ($35 fine). The law also requires white reflective strips (minimum 25mm x 250mm) on your bike's front forks and red reflective strips on it's rear stays.
  • Cyclists must use hand signals indicate a turn ($110 fine).
  • All bikes must have a working bell or horn ($110 fine).
  • Bicycles must have, as a minimum, a working brake on the rear wheel ($110 fine).
  • All cyclists under the age of 18 must wear an approved bicycle helmet ($80 fine).
Cyclists under 18 are required by law to wear an approved bicycle helmet when riding a bike on a roadway or sidewalk in Ontario. Other kinds of protective helmets, such as hockey helmets, are not acceptable.

An approved bicycle helmet is one that has been tested by Canadian Standards Association (CSA).

Canada has a long history of trails. From the first footpaths of the original natives to today's Trans Canada Trail, trails have played a part in our lives, first for commerce and transportation, now for recreation and adventure. In every region of the country there are trails to take you away from the hustle of everyday life.

The wide extent of the Trans Canada Trail
across the Canadian provinces and territories
Canada is in the process of building the world’s greatest exercise trail, the Trans Canada Trail. It will total more than 17000 kilometers upon completion. It starts from Victoria Islands, in North West territories to all the way down to St. Johns in Quebec. Most of the Trans Canada Trail is intended for bicycling and walking but cross country skiing, snowmobiling etc, will also be permitted in certain areas. Much of the trail will consist of vacant railway lines which have been resurfaced by gravel.

Hundreds of hiking and outdoor clubs are involved in organizing hiking trips and developing trails. There are several hiking events held on an annual basis in various regions of Canada.

These suggested guidelines will help make hiking a safe and pleasant experience for everyone:
  • Park your car well off the road and away from private driveways.
  • Stay on the trail. Taking a cutoff on a switchback trail will cause increased erosion. Making a detour around a muddy patch will destroy vegetation.
  • When hiking above the treeline, stay off the fragile alpine moss, lichen and wildflowers.
  • Keep off private property. Landowners often give permission for the trail to pass over their land and may revoke that privilege if people stray all over their land.
  • Avoid hiking when the trails are wet, especially in the early spring, as this can lead to trail erosion.
  • If you smoke, make sure that your cigarette is completely extinguished when you are finished and carry the butt out with you.
  • Pack out any garbage that you have brought with you.
  • Leave nothing behind--not even footprints.
  • Take nothing except photographs. Leave wildflowers and other plants for others to enjoy.
  • Don't feed the wildlife. Increasing a species' food supply can disturb the balance of nature.
  • When meeting a horseback rider, step off to the right of the trail and stand still until the rider passes. Any fast movement may frighten the horse.
  • Don't throw rocks or anything else over the side of mountains--they may strike someone passing below.